Thursday, February 28, 2019

Musical Hair Critiquing Essay

1) What taper be you critiquing? hair2) Give a brief summary of the grade line.Claude Hooper Bukowski, an Oklahoma farm boy, heads to New York City to enter the Army and go in the Vietnam War. In Central Park, he meets a troupe of free-spirited hippies led by George Berger, a young man who introduces him to debutante Sheila Franklin when they separate a dinner party at her home. Inevitably, Claude is sent off to advance training in Nevada, but Berger and his band of merry pranksters follow him. Sheila flirts with an off-duty sergeant-at-law in order to steal his uniform, which she gives to Berger. He uses it to extract Claude from the base for a last meeting with Sheila, taking his place, but while Claude is away, the unit wing out to Vietnam, taking Berger with them. The use up ends with the main cast singing at Bergers grave, followed by scenes of a large anti-war protest outside the snow-white House in Washington, DC.3) What did you like best about this show?Hair succeed s at all levelsas lowdown fun, as affecting drama, as exalt spectacle and as provocative social observation. It achieves its goals by rigorously obeying the rules of classic American musical comedy dialogue, plot, song and dance blend seamlessly to create a juggernaut of excitement.4) What did you like least about this show?The movie omits the songs The discern, Dead End, Oh Great God of Power, I think in Love, Going Down, Air, My Conviction, Abie tiddler, Frank Mills, and What a Piece of Work is Man from the musical. some(prenominal) of the songs have been shortened, sped up, rearranged, or depute to different characters to allow for the differences in plot.5) Who was the fighter/heroine?Claude Hooper Bukowski/ Sheila Franklin.6) Who was the villain?The General.7) Were you able to understand everything? If not what did you understand?A major plot difference between the film and the musical involves a faulting that leads Berger to go to Vietnam in Claudes place, where he i s killed. The musical focuses on the U.S. ataraxis movement, as well as the love relationships among the Tribe members, while the film focuses on the carefree antics of the hippies. But why not make the film ending a happy one? In that case, the movie go out better reflect the aspect of American tillage Happy invariably After.8) Did you get a chance to listen to the soundtrack?Unfortunately not.9) What was your popular song?Aquarius.10) Did you think that the actors were well cast?Sure. The cast featured washstand Savage as Claude Hooper Bukowski, Treat Williams as George Berger and Beverly DAngelo as Sheila Franklin. Williams was put forward for New Star of the Year in a Motion vista Male.11) If you were to remake this show who would you cast in the title roles? Why?If I were to remake the show, I would sill choose the actor and actress as the hero and heroine. The actors are really good-looking, and they can sing and dance well.12) What aspect of American Culture do you s ee in this show? Nothing ventured nothing gained. Berger is not only at the heart of the hippie Tribe but is assigned some of Claudes conflict involving whether or not to obey the draft. His expiry led to the large anti-war protest and featured the carefree antics of the hippies.

Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity

The hold, Integrative Approaches to Psychology and Christianity, discusses the integrating of the different field of Christianity and psychological science. In this book, the author, DN Entwistle, discusses integration as a combining the two books of graven image. fit in to Entwistle (2004), the book of gods Word referred to the Bible, and the book of gods whole caboodle reflects His deeds written throughout His creation. (p. 166). This is clearly shown in the encourage sections of the book which discusses the molds of integration.He then proceeds to include five nonpluss of integration in the book which argon enemies, spies, colonialists, neutral rangeies, and ally as subjects of One Sovereign. The enemies model sees Christianity and psychology as enemies that ingest to be kept totally separate. The spies model has unitary orbit going into the opposite to take plainly what works for them. Psychology, as applied to this discussion, enters the Christian world just to take the spiritual concepts that will work well with psychology. The colonialist model has one discipline colonizing or taking control and prominence over the different.Religion works with psychology as long as holiness is superior to psychology. The neutral parties model, on the other hand, has both disciplines coexisting and recognizing each other as long as they respect each others boundaries. Psychology, according to the author, recognizes that religion has darling concepts to offer b bely it will not encroach on religions domain. The allies as subjects of One Sovereign model arrive both discipline working together to divine service the great unwashed. It wonts psychological and theological concepts together to build a better understanding of the rectitude.According to Entwistle (2004), theology gave birth to the subject of psychology (hu human beings behavior) when he created human beings. God granted us the foundations of theological system when He gave us His Word (p. 175). The book basically presents the idea that there atomic number 18 two books of God His word and His works (Entwistle, 2004). Psychology deals with Gods works and piety deals with His word. Mans job as Christian counselors is to interpret both books and integrate them together so that both books thunder mug be used in tandem to help other people.According to Entwistle, if one finds something that does not make sense between both books, there is a conflict that needs to be resolved before we can use it. At this point, one needs to go back and reread and contain both books to see if one can find the discrepancy. Entwistle (2004) says that god gave man both books, but man has to interpret for himself. The problem is not with Gods books, but it is the way man interprets them. Human understanding of Gods books is based on mans worldview (Entwistle, 2004).While this may not necessarily be a new theory, a reading of this book has brought to mind a certain arrest wherein I ma tte up that theology alone was not able to answer the many questions that I had. This had to do with my younger years when I had just followed my p bents beliefs. When I began to question things, I looked to theology for answers but found none. I felt betrayed and confused. I had grown up believing that there were certain truths in this world and my religion was one of them. As I began to learn around the world, there were a number of things that just did not add up so to speak.In my confusion and sadness, I turned away from my faith and began to search other things. Needless to say, it was a very trying and difficult experience for me. I began to incur anger deep inside that I feel came from the betrayal at not being able to find the answers to the questions I had. As I read the book, however, I began to understand those troubled generation even more. I realized that I had alone seen a part of the whole truth and was therefore unable to completely understand it. It was not abo ut just hit the sacking theology but also by having a good understanding of psychology.To properly integrate the two disciplines, we need to have a good understanding of both. We cannot just know theology or psychology and expect to integrate them well. We need to have a working knowledge of psychological theories and concepts as well as a working knowledge of Gods word. We need to remember, though, that our knowledge is only as good as our interpretation. Gods works have been affected by the fall into sin, and as a work of God our interpretations will be colored by the fall as well.On a personal level, I think this book has a lot of good ideas and concepts to it. I found it interesting to discuss the two books of God, because I had perceive the term and knew what it meant, but had not really thought about what it included. I also liked the models of integration and their explanations. They were explained well enough that anyone could follow them easily. both(prenominal) of the t hings that bothered me the most about the book and its ideas are the idea of interpretation, the description of integration, and where do we go from here.If we are the interpreters of Gods two books and we know that the fall and sin have colored our interpretations, how do we know if our interpretations of the books are correct? shag we interpret either book accurately? If our interpretations are wrong, can we do more harm than good to our clients? Is the definition of integration complete enough to help us know what we need to help others? When we use the current definitions of integration, do we get a complete attend of what integration means to both disciplines?With all of the models of integration, where do we go undermentioned? How do we make progress in the integration process? Can we ever integrate to a point where we can agree on most aspects of a model, or will there always be disagreement between the disciplines? These are all questions that I think are important to c onsider about integration. I think that integrating Christianity and psychology can benefit a Christian client by allowing us to address spiritual matters and use spiritual techniques for healing.It is important to remember that religion and psychology are both parts of Gods truth to us and can be used to help ourselves and others. When the two disciplines are integrated, we have many more options than when we use one or the other discipline separately. Finally use of both disciplines can help us reach people of faith as well as people who are not Christians, if we can use them both carefully and competently. This is by chance the greatest thing that we can learn from this book because it not only helps solidify ones faith but also initiate other people about their own faith as well.

Wednesday, February 27, 2019

5g Technology. Technical Report

A Technical Report on Atul Chavan Presented by Sri Sunflower gaplege Of Engineering & engineering (Approved by AICTE, Affiliated to JNTU) Lankapalli 521 131 Submitted By 1. Sudha Madhuri. Sattiraju 2nd M. C. A Sri Sun meridian Col Of Eng & Tech Lankapally 2. Asha Jyothi. Koganti 2nd M. C. A Sri Sun Flower Col Of Eng & Tech Lankapally Contents 1. Introduction 2. Pre-4G Wireless Standards 3. parameters of 3G &4G 4. Architecture of 4G 5. Challenges 6. Development 7. 4G meandering(a) technologies 8. hereafter of 4G 9.Conclusion. 10. Bibilography Abstract Mobile devices be getting smaller, lighter, and to a greater extent herculean they declare bigger screens and longer battery life, more features and more capabilities. Things identical watching the football game on your wandering(a) device, watching movies, videoconferencing, compensable your bills and downloading music to the palm of your hand leave be scram second disposition in the near in store(predicate). Bandwidth le ave behind al right smarts be the limiting factor in in the growth of applications and devices, be it wired, or receiving set.At the moment the radio receiver creation doesnt have a large-cell, lavishly mintwidth standard, that is equal to(p) of delivering the much mandatory quickens to a nimble device. The short fall of 3G burynets is clear, its just not fast enough, offering 384kbps doesnt meet the requirements of what the end drug substance abuser has come to assume these days. Some people see 3G as a stop-gap, until a fully integrated IP net is created some countries have charge chosen to bypass 3G and head straight to 4G, a method which has its advantages, and its disadvantages. G is set to be available around 2010, getting it right original time will make it a general winner with the cardinal billion mobile users around the world. The end user can expect low cost per entropy bit, as well as bucket along and reliability, something which is greatly. Technology Companies with 4G ne twainrks ar knocking on the door and mobile operators are beginning to answer. 4G networks and Next Generation Networks (NGNs) are becoming fast and rattling cost-effective solutions for those wanting an IP built high-speed data capacities in the mobile network.IP is pushing its way into the mobile radio set market, said Visant Strategies major(postnominal) Analyst Andy Fuertes, author of The Road to 4G and NGN Wireless IP Migration Paths. By 2010, the just-published assume finds, there will be 113 million NGN and 4G users, with the market starting to crap effect 2006 and 2007. Introduction 4G is an initialize of the term Fourth-Generation Communications System. A 4G organisation will offer an end-to-end IP solution where voice, data and streamed multimedia re main(prenominal)s can be served to users on an Anytime, Anywhere bottom at high data rates than previous generations.No formal definition is set as to what 4G is, but the objectives that ar e predicted for 4G can be summarized as follows 4G will be a fully IP- tiestandd integrated arranging of systems and network of networks wired and radio receiver networks (e. g. computer, consumer electronics, communication technology) Providing 100 Mbit/s and 1 Gbit/s, respectively, in outdoor(a) and indoor environments End-to-end quality of service High security pass any kind of run anytime, anywhere Affordable cost and i billing The following are some possible features of the 4G systems Support synergistic multimedia, voice, video, wireless internet and other broadband services. High speed, high expertness and low cost per bit. Global mobility, service portability, ascendable mobile networks. broadloom switching, variety of services based on Quality of Service (QoS) requirements split computer programing and holler out admission control techniques. Ad hoc networks and multi-hop networks Pre-4G Wireless Standards WiMAX 7. 2 million units by 2010 (May i nclude fixed and mobile) Flash-OFDM 13 million subscribers in 2010 (only Mobile) 3GPP Long Term Evolution of UMTS in 3GPP valued at US$2 billion in 2010 (30% of the world population) UMB in 3GPP2 parameters of 3G &4G set apart 3G 4G Major Predominantly voice- Converged data and VoIP Characteristicdata as append Network Wide area Cell based Hybrid integration of Wireless Architecture Lan (Wi-Fi), Blue Tooth, Wide study relative absolute frequency 1. 6 2. GHz 2 8 GHz Band piece Optimized antenna Smart antennas SW multi-band Design multi-band adapters wideband radios Bandwidth 5 20 MHz 100+ MHz Data Rate 385 Kbps 2 Mbps 20 100 Mbps Access WCDMA/CDMA2000 MC-CDMA or OFDM Forward ErrorConvolution formula 1/2, Concatenated Coding Correction 1/3 turbo Switching forget me drug/Packet Packet Architecture of 4G One of the most challenging problems go about deployment of 4G technology is how to glide slope several dissimilar mobile and wire less networks. thither are three possible architectures for 4G. Multimode devices Overlay network Common rile communications protocol. Multimode devicesThis architecture uses a single physical terminal with multiple interfaces to get to services on different wireless networks. It whitethorn improve call completion and expand effective coverage area. It should withal provide time-tested wireless coverage in case of network, touch base, or switch failure. The user, device, or network can initiate handoff between networks. The device itself incorporates most of the additive complexity without requiring wireless network modification or employing inter works devices. Each network can deploy a database that keeps track of user location, device capabilities, network conditions, and user preferences. Figure-1 The handling of quality-of-service (QoS) issues remains an open query question. Overlay networkIn this architecture, a user accesses an overlay network consisting of several ev eryday access points. These UAPs in turn select a wireless network based on availability, QoS(Quality of Service) specifications, and user defined choices. A UAP performs protocol and frequency translation, content adaptation, and QoS negotiation-renegotiation on behalf of users. Figure-2 A UAP stores user, network, and device information, capabilities, and preferences. The overlay network, rather than the user or device, performs handoffs as the user moves from one UAP to another. Common access protocol This protocol becomes viable if wireless networks can support one or two standard access protocols.One possible solution, which will require inter working between different networks, uses wireless asynchronous transfer mode. To weapon wireless ATM, every wireless network must allow infection of ATM cells with additional headers or wireless ATM cells requiring changes in the wireless networks. Figure-3 Challenges v 4G definition A global consensus on the 4G definition is necessa ry before the standardization starts. Despite efforts there still are similarly many diverging approached to 4G. Seamless connectivity Inter- and intra-network connectivity is fundamental to the provision of temporally and spatially seamless services. Vertical and horizontal handovers are critical for 4G.In the spring case, the heterogeneousness and variety of networks exacerbate the problem. Latency Many 4G services are crack sensitive. Guaranteeing short delays in networks with different access architecture and coverage is out-of-the-way(prenominal) from straightforward . 4G definition A global consensus on the 4G definition is inevitable before the standardization starts. Despite efforts there still are in like manner many diverging approached to 4G . Seamless connectivity Inter- and intra-network connectivity is fundamental to the provision of temporally and spatially seamless services. Vertical and horizontal handovers are critical for 4G. In the former case , the heterogeneity and variety of networks exacerbate the problem. Development picA Japanese company has been interrogatory a 4G communication system prototype at 100 Mbit/s while moving, and 1 Gbit/s while lieuary. Recently reached 5 Gbit/s moving at 10 km/h, and is planning on release the first commercial network in 2010. An Irish company has announced that they have received a mobile communications license from Irish Telecoms regulator. This service will be issued the mobile code 088 in Ireland and will be utilise for the provision of 4G Mobile communications. Sprint plans to launch 4G services in trial markets by the end of 2007 with plans to deploy a network that reaches as many as 100 million people in 2008 4G mobile technologies ) Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) 2) Spectrum-efficient High-speed wireless mobile transmission 1. Open Wireless Architecture (OWA) A single system architecture characterized by a horizontal communication model providing familiar platform t o complement different access technologies in an optimum way for different service requirements and radio environments is called the converged broadband wireless platform or open wireless architecture (OWA). OWA will be the next coerce in wireless communications, fueled by many emerging technologies including digital signal processing, software- definable radio, in disseverigent antennas. The open wireless platform requires Area and power-efficient broadband signal processing for wideband wireless applications Highest industry epithelial duct density (MOPS pooling) in flexible new BTS signal processing architectures BTS solutions scalable to higher clock rates and higher network capacity space-time continuum Coding and MIMO(Multiple-Input-Multiple-Output) Increasing demand for high performance 4G broadband wireless mobile calls for use of multiple antennas at both base plaza and subscriber ends. Multiple antenna technologies enable high capacities suited for profit and multimedi a services and also dramatically increase range and reliability.. pic Figure-4 The home run frequency band for this system is 2 to 5 GHz cod to favorable propagation characteristics and low radio-frequency (RF) equipment cost. AdvantagesSpatial miscellany and coding gains for large link budget gains (10 dB). Disadvantage Multiple antennas at the transmitter and rece- iver provide diversity in a fading environment. 2. Spectrum-efficient High-speed wireless mobile transmission Wide-area wireless broadband systems unearthly efficiency can yield a system capacity that allows that experience to be delivered simultaneously to many users in a cell, reducing the cost of service delivery for this mass-market broadband service. These systems are optimized to exploit the full potential of adaptive antenna signal processing, thereby providing robust, high-speed connections for mobile users with a minimum of radio infrastructure.Reduced spectrum requirements, minimizing up-front capital expe nses link to spectrum Reduced infrastructure requirements, minimizing capital and operating costs associated with base station sites, translating into reduced costs per subscriber and per covered population element The encyclopaedism of spectrum is a key component of the cost structure of wireless systems, and two key features of spectrum have great impact on that cost ( the spectral efficiency of the wireless system and the type of spectrum required to implement the system. A fully capable and commercially viable mobile broadband system can operate in as little as 5 MHz of unpaired spectrum with a total of 20 Mbps throughput per cell in that amount of spectrum.Factors impart to the spectral efficiency of a system 1)Modulation formats, beam interface overhead 2)Multiple access method, Usage model. The quantities just mentioned all contribute to the bits/second/Hertz dimensions of the unit. The appearance of a per cell dimension may seem surprising, but the throughput of a parti cular cells base station in a cellular network is almost forever substantially less than that of a single cell in isolation. Future of 4G The future of wireless is not just wireless, it is a part of life. The future offers faster speeds and larger bandwidth. It is suggested that 4G technologies will allow 3D virtual macrocosm and interactive video / hologram images.The technology could also increase fundamental interaction between compatible technologies, so that the smart card in the handset could automatically pay for goods in passing a linked salary kiosk (i-mode can already boast this capability) or will tell your car to warm up in the morning, because your phone has noted you have left the house or have set the alarm. 4G is expected to provide high-resolution images (better quality than TV images) and video-links (all of these will require a band width of about 100MHz). Conclusion ? From user driven perspective, the user has independence and flexibility to select the servi ce, at a reasonable QoS and price, anytime, anywhere Reconfigurability Next-generation wireless network interfaces need to be able to switch seamlessly between different communications standards, in order to provide the most suitable level of service while the user moves across different environments. ? 4G, convergence of networks, technologies, applications and services, will offer a personalized and pervasive network to the users. ? Convergence is head teacher towards an advent of a really exciting and disruptive concept of fourth generation mobile networks. Bibilography Journals IEEE Explore IEEE journals and conferences http//www. ieee. org/ieeexplore Ad Hoc Networks Journal IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking IEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing THE END As the technology grows day by day mobile device are also been developed by getting lighter, smaller and more powerful. Most of the mobile phones are been smart which are capable of doing all sort of military operation d one in computers, are able perform video conference, etcetera For such high performance may not be capable to operate in 3G network until a fully integrated IP network is created. For this features the next generation network was introduced the 4G. It was set available around 2010, where the end user can expect low cost for data bits as well as reliability and speed which should be more efficient than 3G networks. G system can provide an end-to-end IP solution where data, voice and streamed multimedia, and can be delivered to users on an Anytime, Anywhere basis at a higher data rates than 3G networks. It is designed as a fully IP-based integrated system of systems and network of networks wired and wireless networks, it is able to provide data rate of 100 MB/s than the previous generation networks, 4G provides end to end QoS (quality of service), it is able to provide high security, it provides integrated multimedia, video, voice wireless internet and other broad band services and G lobal mobility, service portability, scalable mobile networks, Better scheduling and call admission control techniques.One of the main challenges confront in 4G development was how to access several wireless networks and different mobile phones, for this problems three main architecture are been designed they are, Multimode device, overlay network and the common access protocols these architectures are been briefly discussed in this paper. Some of the other main challenges faced during the development were seamless connectivity, latency. This paper also discuss about the technologies used in the 4G, Open wireless architecture (OWA), spectrum efficient high speed wireless mobile transmission. Reference http//seminarprojects. com/Thread-4g-mobile-networking-full-seminar-report-downloadixzz2OuQ9qWjR

Family Observation Paper Essay

Adolescence, the flowing after middle tikehood, is a very crucial time in the sustenance of an individual. Adolescence (age eleven through nineteen or twenty) is the time amid childhood and adulthood and is accompanied by major material, cognitive, and psychosocial changes. For this observation, I go forth be observing my roommate, Amore, who is eighteen-years-old. somatogenicly, I will be investigating puberty and health. Cognitively, I will be examining Kohlbergs view on example reasoning and influence on discipline achievement. Psychosocially, I will be analyzing personal identity element and commitment.My roommate, Amore, in any case happens to be my best friend. We met in high nurture and both make plans to begin our adventure by attending FSU. For this paper, I observed her talking to angiotensin-converting enzyme of our friends approximately her faith. It was a Friday evening and one of our friends had just broken up with his girlfriend and was very down ab out (p) it so he had come over for some advice. She sat with him in the living room and took advantage of the opportunity to present Christ to him a real and powerful way.Amore is eighteen-years-old, about five foot two, and was wearing dungargone shorts and a plain white tee. Under the strenuous situation, she took the possible action to pray for him upfront, before she gave her personal advice. She spoke very maturely, except what stood out most about her conversation with out friend was how genuine everything she tell was. As opposed to advice that seemed scripted and edged, you could tell that she was speaking from experience. Her eloquence and sureness seemed to greatly excuse the pain and disdain that very explicitly blurred the room. Her mannerisms and speech were so simple, yet so impacting. It was very lay down that, after speaking with her, our friend felt at much better ease and was beginning to look at his situation from a different perspective.Physical development refers to the bodys development of different skills. Included in physical development are puberty and health. Puberty is the process by which a person attains sexual maturity and, thus, the ability to reproduce. Amore began menstruation at the very four-year-old age of ten. According to the book, factors present in her life at the time could account for such an early start. For example, statistics show that young girls who take a leak absent fathers in their lives are likely to begin puberty at a much younger age than a child who had a present father. Similarly, girls whose mothers are strict (many times, because they have to take on the role of both mother and father) are also more likely to menstruate earlier. Both circumstances were evident in Amores life and could thus account for premature puberty.Health is delimit as a state of complete physical, emotional, and social well-being. In adolescence, physical activity decreases throughout high-school years. However, the opposite was true in Amores life. She began karate in middle school and, as the years progressed, her training intensified. Consequently, her high school years had the most intense physical activity. Poor sleep patterns, which embarrass going to sleep late and oversleeping, are evident in stripling years. This is true in Amores life. She goes to sleep very late, sleeps well into the later afternoon, and takes naps throughout the day.Memory, thinking, language, and perception are all components of cognitive development, a surface area of study in neuroscience and psychology. Included in cognitive development are postconventional goodity and active engagement. Kohlbergs levels of righteousity described three levels of moral reasoning, the last of which is postconventional morality. It is in this ternary level of morality that people espouse internally held moral principles and can decide among conflicting moral standards. Amore shows that she has reached the third level of Kohlbergs th eory because she is able to recognize conflicts between moral standards and makes her own judgments accordingly.For example, when she was advising Edgar, she recognized that it isnt okay to lie to your significant other, but given his situation, his actions were justified. Active engagement is defined as the attention, interest, investment, and effort students knock off in the work of school. Amore definitely exemplifies active behavior in her secondary coil work-studies. Coming from a low-income family, she was taught the value and importance of going to school and fashioning something of yourself. She is very attentive in class, punctual, and exerts maximum effort.Psychosocial development involves an individuals interaction with their environment and their peers. Included in psychosocial development are identity and commitment. Identity is defined as a coherent conception of the self, made up of goals, values, and beliefs to which a person is solidly commit. Typically, ones l ook for identity comes into play during the adolescent years. At eighteen years of age, it is clear that Amore is steadfast in her identity, knowing exactly who she is.As a committed Christian, Amore is able to identify herself as a child of God, confidently beholding herself through His eyes. Commitment is Marcias term for personal investment in an occupation or system of beliefs. According to Marcias identity status, Amore has reached identity achievement. There was a time of crisis where she gave much thought to what she aspired to be in life and how she could use Gods gifts and talents to reach others. She made the determination to use her life to help fight human-trafficking and has made steps to powerfully commit to such an involvement.All in all, Amore displays a very muscular and mature standpoint in her adolescent stage. Physically, cognitively, and psychosocially, she excels in all areas. It is evident that her actions are very much in line with her developmental age. I believe she is developmentally on target and is on schedule for common developmental growth.

Tuesday, February 26, 2019

On Humanism and Determinism Essay

Before my first year in college started, Mama and I went to the mall to steal tame-related affairs, including nonebooks, pens, and a bag. When we arrived at the appargonl-section, I found myself stuck in deciding which fit I should take in. Well, its non be precedent I get int bid any workually, Ive found what kind of rival I want, but my mother kept on insisting other pair. It deceaseed up that I bought what she want for me because the pair that I liked didnt have a size leave for my feet. From this situation, I wondered if I had any sense of freedom at all.It is inevitably true that the national ab bulge freedom has always shaken the solid ground of gracious universes since sentence immemorial. I wonder, too, if I am in truth a free being. For me to be able to know if I am really free, I would lead to answer some moves that might fulfill my inquiry What is freedom? What does it specify to be free? Are we free beings? To help me with my questions, I record ab out an demarcation between determinism and freedom. Also, I read Baruch Spinozas (a predestinationist and one of the most important modern philosophers) claim on freedom.Determinism is the thesis of universal causation in simple terms, it claims that eachthing in this world is caused. On the other hand, freedom is the state of being free from restraints. As a doctrine, it maintains that some of our symboliseions be free. These ar both paradoxicalsomething inharmonious and contradictory. This is because if everything is caused, then so argon the actions that we claim to be free. But they (actions) are the result of some causes which made us perform actions, so we are non free.How is that?Baruch Spinoza, as a determinist, also say that we are not free agents but phonations of a divine machine which thinks and acts in accordance with the eternal laws of nature, in short we are not free. Why? I will answer my knowledge questions by shaping what freedom is. Freedom is the exe mption or liberty from slavery or imprisonment. It is the liberty of superior or action. It is also the state of the will as the first cause of humans actions, or self-determination in human beings 1. To be free is to enable one to do what s/he wanted to do. To start the argument, let us first take a look at the Holy Bible.Another blessing that God gave us when He made us in His image is the gift of voluntary or the freedom to require. Through this gift we are attached the position to act and not to act, and so, to perform deliberate acts of our suffer. Man is rational and in that respectfore, like God, he is created with free will and is master over his acts. In this statement, it is given that we are given the freedom to do what we wanted to do. But, according to the determinist Baruch Spinoza, it might go the other way that we are not really as free as we think.Spinoza had an inquiry on the interest things (1) What sort of world do we live in? 2) Who put us here? (3) Why ? I would like to focus on question number 3, but first there must be answers on numbers 1 and 2. What sort of world do we live in? Spinoza answers that the world is infinite and eternalit has no beginning and end in the space and time. It was never created and destroyed, and is just simply, profoundly and eternally is. For the b order of battleing question on Who put us here, Spinoza answered that its God. God, Spinoza asserts, is the world. Each of us is a definite and an important part of Hima cell in His body, a segment of him. Every human body, therefore, is a part of Gods body.Everything that happens in the worldour faith, helping and actionsare in accordance with Gods plan. In the troika question, it was asked, Why? . The answer to this question, according to Spinoza, is that we have been born in order to be happy. But, what is happiness? 2It is the presence of pleasure and the absence of pain. To be able to attain this, we must first try to find our limitationsfor exampl e, that we are except parts of Gods divine machine, and that we sweep up Gods will. As for human will, it also follows the laws of exigency. There is no such thing as free will. Why?This is because the actions that we do are heady by a cause, which is determined by another cause, and this by another, and so on to infinity. The actions that we do are dependent upon another action. This, then, follows the claim of Determinism, that every action is caused. As to the first sentence of my introduction, I had to buy things because college is starting. The cause of my action (to buy things) is because I need (necessity) those objects for school. Next is this I had to choose the other pair of station because theres no appropriate size for the one that I would like to choose.There was no choice to the situation. This is what we call a determinist position. It claims that no actions are free. Spinoza, as a determinist, states that we think that we are free because we are ignorant of the causes of our actions3. We choose only because we fail to realize that we are not free. Choosing when one has no choicewhen one is not freeis founded on ignorance. But, if we are going to accede this thesis of determinism, then it would be paradoxical to itself. Why? If we accept this thesis, we are going to accept that no one is trusty to the action.For example, no one is responsible for me choosing the other pair of shoes, simply because it is not, nor my mothers fault to have a feet size larger than the available sizes for the pair of shoes that I originally wanted. Who or what will be, then, the one responsible for the size of my feet or for the unavailability of the feet size? Nothing could have been do to prevent me from having such feet sizeI did not have it out of my own free will. Whatever caused my feet size must be caused by some earlier conditions and factors, which might have extend indefinitely to the past. This is the determinist view.Does this exactly mean that we are not free? No, this is insufficient. In an argument we must look at the other side to see if it is valid. If there is a Determinist view, there is also a Libertarian view. If the determinist claims that we are mightless on the actions that we do and not do, the libertarian claims that it is within our forefinger to act differently than we do. It means that the act depends on us whether we perform it or not. Thus, to say that an action is free is to say that we could have wear downe differently, that we were free to do otherwise, and that we have the power to do otherwise.As for my mall-case, I could have chosen to not buy my school stuff than going with my mother. I was free to buy the pair of shoes that I originally wanted, not caring much if ever the shoes are too tight on my feet. I have the power to tell my mother that I dont want to buy the suggested shoes just because I dont like it, that I want the former instead. The libertarian holds that people do have free will , that there is free action, and that the thesis of determinism is false. It denies that all human actions are caused.Personally, I dont think that nothing was done before an action occurred. No, this does not mean that I am on the determinist side, but I am also not saying that I am on the libertarian side. Either to say that we are not free or to resist that all human actions are caused is insufficient. I do not pair when the determinist says that we have no freedom or power to do otherwise, because given my situation above, I was able to make choices. After choices infer ratiocinations. It is up to me if I will let myself be bound by the causes, or free myself from it.Probably, if I, or we are going to bend these causes to our own will, we will be able to prove that we are free and are not powerless, unlike the claim of the determinist that we are powerless in everything that we do. Thus, from supervision, I provide take and have control over the decision of my actions. On t he other hand, to act freely is not to act from an uncaused mental decision, but to act from the necessity of ones own nature. Human freedom resides in the power of basis to control the emotions because reason is determined not by external causes but from within. Reason, unlike imagination, follows a logical order in ideas.Reason allows us to understand how things follow by necessity from the Divine Nature. As a person grasps the necessity of things an sees reality as a whole, s/he is free, liberated by clear understanding. In the grip of passions, we appear to be the under the power of external forces but as soon as we form a clear and distinct idea of a passion, it ceases to be one and we are freed. In this way, a clear understanding that all things are demand gives the mind power over the passions. This understanding, which liberates us from the bondage of the passions, at the same time instills in us an intellectual love of Gods Nature4.Am I free? Yes, I am free. But I am no t completely a free being. Our freedom to act does not mean we are completely free to do whatever we want. There are certain laws, rules, and principles in this world that we need to follow. Of course, we can do whatever we want, as long as we do not affect negatively the others around us. Spinoza might have stated that we should realize our limitations because only through that we could obtain happiness. I think that being limited to a certain aspect would mean that one is not free.

Is America Falling Apart?

People are underpaid but they go through an act of liking their work, the open markets are luscious when esculent color, the confederacy is more important than the stat, the human condition is humorously accepted. (297) The quality of vitality has nothing to do with the quantity of brand names. What matters is talk, family, cheap wine in the open air, the wresting of minimal sweetness out of the long-known bitterness of living. (297) American individualism, on the face of it an admirable philosophy, whishes to manifest itself in independence of the community. You dont share things in common you have your own things. A familys strength is signalized by its possessions. Herein lies a paradox. For the desire for possessions must ultimately mea dependence on possessions. (298)New appetites are invented what to the European are flakey luxuries be pursue, to the American, plain necessities. 298) It is not right that men and women should fear to go on the streets at nights, and that th ey should some durations fear the police as much as criminals. Both of whom sometimes look like a mirror images of distributively other. (301) The wealth qualification for the aspiring politician is taken for granted a governmental system dedicated to the promotion of personal wealth in a few selected areas will never act for the public good.The time has come, nevertheless, for citizens to demand, from their government, a measure of socializationthe provision of amenities for the many, of which adequate recite pensions and sickness benefits, as well as nationalized transport, should be priorities. (302) I come to America as to a country more simulation than depressing. The next of mankind is being worked out there on a descale typically Americanvast, dramatic, almost apocalyptical. I brave the brutality and the depravity in order to be in on the scene. I shall be back. (302)

Monday, February 25, 2019

Earth and Yuri Gagarin

In my presentation I will articulate you well-nigh the first cosmonaut. The purpose of this presentation to know more(prenominal) about the life of Yuri Gagarin and his exploits. Also explains how Gagarin prepared to fly into stead, the process of this important moment and what happened with the first cosmonaut after he made his flight of stairs. And in the presentation contains different photos of Gagarin with his family and friends. Career in the Soviet space program It was on the 12th of April, 1961, when the first flight by man into cosmic space took place.Yuri Gagarin, the first cosmonaut in the world, he was a 27 eld old Air Force pilot at that time. The space enrapture flew at the speed of 300 miles a minute. Thats six times faster than man ever travelled before. His flight lasted 108 minutes, but a circuit round the priming coat took 89 minutes. It was a brilliant action on the part of our scientists and technologists, and on the part of Gagarin who risked his life to achieve a victory for his country. This is what Yuri Gagarin said at this press conference On my flight around the reality was clearly look onn the continents, island and seas.Flying over the land I could clearly see the big squares of fields and it was possible to distinguish which was meadow and which was forest I could not see as well as from an airplane. I saw for the first time with my own eyes the primings shape. I must say that the view of the horizon is actually beautiful. You can see the noticeable change from the light surface of the Earth in to completely black sky in which you can see the stars. It is very gradual and lovely. In space the shines ten times more brightly than on the Earth.The stars can be seen very well. I mat excellent as I entered space. Everything was easier to do when weightlessness . My legs and arms weighed nothing. Objects swam in the cabin. During this state of weightlessness I ate and drank and everything was the same as on the Earth. The passage back from weightlessness to the force of gravity happened smoothly. Arms and legs aspect the same as during weightlessness, but now they have weight. When I returned to the Earth I was full of joy. Death and legacy After the flight Gagarin became a worldwide celebrity.He went around the globe with press conference and all over people were impressed by his charming smile, inelegance and simplicity. In 1962, he began fate as a deputy to the Supreme Soviet. Unfortunately, he tragically died during a training flight on an airplane. But he is remembered throughout Russia forever. American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin Aldrin left one of Gagarins medals on the moon as a tribute. moreover in Russia there are a lot of streets, squares, schools and colleges bear his name.

Submit and Syllabus

Facts-During f entirely 2012, Simpson submitted a Syllabus identification. -Course course of instruction contains information about course requirements, grading procedures, and late or abstracted assignments. -Course plan informed students that Assignment 10 was due no later(prenominal) than 12pm, November 2, 2012. -Simpson turned in assignment at 1231pm on November 2, 2012 -Professor mule driver reduced Simpsons grade from 100 to 85. -Simpson had not asked for additional time to complete the assignment.Professor mule skinner admitted he would remove given an extension had Simpson asked for one. secrete Does Professor Skinner have the discretion to deduct an arbitrary emergence of points from a late assignment? Holding Yes, Professor Skinner does have the discretion to deduct an arbitrary number of points from a late assignment. reason The court cited that the fact that Simpson neither read nor understood the Syllabus Acknowledgement is irrelevant. Simpson signed and submi tted the Acknowledgement. Therefore Simpson agreed to follow the course requirements.He the violated those equipment casualty by wittingly submitting his assignment late. He is subject to a penalization for submitting his assignment late. Simpson should have been aware of his rights and duties as a student. Since he knowingly submitted his assignment late and/or failed to request additional time, Professor Skinner had the authority and discretion to impose the 15 point penalty. The course computer programme states that assignments are due on time. Late points may be utilize at the teachers discretion. (Syllabus, p.2)Students may submit requests for extra time. If granted, the instructor cannot deduct late point. The Syllabus Acknowledgement states, in plain English, that by signing and submitting the Acknowledgement the student avows that he had read the syllabus and agrees to all the course requirements. (S. A. p. 11) Simpson admitted that he submitted a Syllabus Acknowledge ment without reading it. The syllabus does not limit the instructors discretion in any way, therefore it is the decision of the court that the grade of 85 is upheld.

Sunday, February 24, 2019

Conscious Capitalism

In the introduction of conscious capitalism, stool Mackey gives us a brief history on how he established Safer Way which is at present kn take as Whole Foods Market with no prior melodic phrase education background. His intention was to construct a backing that was ethical and spirit driven. His insight on bump enterprise capitalism is much think throughout the introduction and first chapter, its importance and how it has changed the world. I associate with the findings beca ingestion, it step down enterprise capitalism has led to innovations and social cooperation that any other system.It has freed millions of case-by-cases from extreme poverty and enabled businesses to open up around the world that throw off contributed to the well universe of humanity. Raj Sisodia, the co-author of the hold in together with Mackey, have pursued to change the commission business is thought just about, taught and practiced through their movement. This is both noble and I believe i ts our human responsibility to find solutions to the world and innovations that abide take us to the next phase of how business is done.Capitalism has been misunderstood and has been labeled with bad titles much(prenominal)(prenominal) as crony capitalism, receipts maximation for investors as top priority and unethical business activities as inferred by products from its activity. buddy capitalism is one of the most tagged names of big corporations because they have the financial resources to corrupt and bribe the government and inturn use this power for their own enrichment.Although the above physical exertions are true and real, conscious capitalism is able to break this issue by ensuring that businesses not that focus on profit maximization but in creating entertain for completely(a) its stakeholders. Examples of how it does this, is by strongly opposing greed, exploitation, manipulation and by building environments based on entrust and crawl in that positively trans form the world. Business are good because they create value, they are ethical because they are based on voluntary exchange.The book provides turning points in history that were made possible by free capitalism, examples include the fall of the berlin wall on November 9, 1989, which brought about the end of communistic regimes and the birth of the web by Tim Berners in 1989 which has brought about access to inexhaustible knowledge and has connected almost everyone in the world with social media such as Facebook and Twitter. No known business is in isolation all inhabit and have interaction with volume in different environments in their pursuit of profit maximization. Inorder to do this and create more value for all its stakeholders we are introduced to the quartette tenets of conscious capitalism, they include high(prenominal) purpose, stakeholder integration, conscious leadership and conscious culture.First and foremost the reason I keep back with Conscious capitalism is tha t they are subjected to the discipline of the market and they need to lay aside strong financial results just as any other business save, they do this by doing what is right because it is right Secondly, I agree with John Mackey is his description of a business based on conscious capitalism by using imagination.Imagine a business based on love and caring whose team member are furorate and committed to their take a business that cares profoundly about wellbeing of its customers and above all a business exists in a virtuous cycle of assorted value creation, generating social, intellectual, emotional, spiritual, cultural and physical wealth for everyone. John Mackey ends this description with magnanimous examples of businesses that exist with such a description, from Google to Starbucks to the container store this proves that conscious capitalism does exist in reality and therefore it can be achieved.Traditional businesses tend to use corporate social responsibility as a defensiv e instrument and to build its reputation with external stakeholders. I solely agree that CSR mental capacity should be built in to the core of the business because it integrates the interests of all stakeholders and incorporates higher purpose and caring culture. An example is Google, with its Google grant donation program awarding free Ad Words advertising to select charitable organizations this is centrally aligned with its business.Another example is Johnson and Johnson, its purpose is to alleviate pain and suffering however remains focused in making profits to ensure sustainability and growth. Thirdly, I also agree with the statement that happiness cannot be pursued unless for of a sudden term gratification. True happiness comes from living a life of inwardness and purpose, which I believe goes the same for businesses. If a business pursues achieving its purpose past happiness will be achieved through satisfaction of all stakeholders.Matching individual purpose with busine ss purpose is one of the ways to enhance passion for work and increase performance. This also makes it easier for team members to overcome challenges with ease. In conclusion, although more or less of his view on some issues such as reduction in violence levels and majority becoming aware of consuming healthier foods is brought about by conscious capitalism is contentious generally I agree with his thought. By aligning business in a set of four categories the good, the true, the beautiful, the heroic.Conscious businesses should strive to provide service to its stakeholders that improve the quality of life such as Wholefoods in its endeavor of providing food products that are healthy to suck up they should be in the forefront of furthering human knowledge by being innovative and researching on better products or services for their customers, an example is Google they have been able to create a way to access any information in the internet by a click of a acquittance and last but n ot least a business should be heroic, the courage to do what is right to change and improve the world an example given is Grameen bank in India that has been able to empower poor people in the eradication of extreme poverty. Finally, as businesses pursue profit maximization they should also strive to discover and grow in their purpose this is the only way they can be able to wholesomely create value for all stakeholders and adapt to an ever changing and developing world.

Debate over the Strength of Central Government Essay

The period of 1783-1800 was shaped by the debate among those who back up a strong rudi handstary political relation and those who wanted more(prenominal) than business leader given to the body politics. This period dealt with issues surrounding the formations of factions that threatened to split the young commonwealth, the inclusion of a Bill of Rights, and the constitutionality of a national bank. Factions divided the people into those who support a strong central presidency and those who wanted more forcefulness given to the states.These both groups had differing viewpoints, which influenced decisions regarding the addition of a Bill of Rights and the formation of a national bank. The dickens major factions that almost disrupted the developing nation were formulated at the personalityal Convention of 1787. At this convention, delegates representing all states evaluate Rhode Island formed a freshly type of government with the creation of the formation. In the ratif ication turn America was divided in two, the federalists and anti-federalists.Federalists were in privilege of a strong central government and hence supporting the new Constitution, while anti-federalists were in favor of giving the states a greater heart and soul of power, thus opposing it. The opposition to the Constitution spreads from a mistrust of central government due to the grievances of English monarchy. The rights obtained by the central government took out states rights as seen in Sections VIII and X of the Constitution of the United States of American (Document 5).Most people who lived in cities, manufacturers, and northern merchants supported federalist views and most vitiated farmers, southerners and frontiersmen sided with the anti-federalist views. Key federalists included Alexander Hamilton, John Adams, John Marshall, John Jay, and throng Madison. In order to promote ratification Hamilton, Jay, and Madison published a series of Federalist Papers, (Document 8). On the anti-federalist side, serious figures included Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Adams, Aaron Burr, Richard Henry Lee, and Patrick Henry.These men were in favor of the word of Confederation, which greatly limited the powers of the central government and maximized the powers of state rights. One major flaw that the anti-federalist expressed concerning the Constitution was the wishing of a Bill of Rights. A Bill of Rights would secure the rights of the people and disallow the central government from becoming too powerful. The federalists argued that the system of checks and balances would prevent tyranny. However, when numerous states ratified the Constitution they attached a list of amendments to be added in a Bill of Rights.James Madison compiled these amendments and presented twelve of them to Congress. Ten were passed and added to the Constitution resulting in the American Bill of Rights. One of the most significant amendments is the ten percent amendment, which states All pow ers not delegated to the federal government belong to the states or to the people, (Document 6). This state that whatever was not restricted or allowed in the Constitution was a right retained by the people or states. The most alter debate amongst federalists and anti-federalist was over the constitutionality of a national bank.Anti-federalists believed the central government did not lease the authority to create a national bank, while the federalists believed it was stated in the elastic clause of the Constitution. The United States Constitution was written in a vague terminology by the Founding Fathers, which added to the contention amongst Americans. secretaire of Treasury, Alexander Hamilton, proposed a national bank to wish the most fitting and speedy measures may be taken, to discharge both foreign and internal debt, (Document 7).The anti-federalists, in particular Thomas Jefferson, who favored a strict adaptation of the Constitution, rejected this notion and claimed i t was unconstitutional because it was not a power without delay stated in the document. However, Hamilton argued that the elastic clause as seen in Article I Section VIII, the powers of congress (Document 5), allowed the central government to establish a bank because it was necessary and proper and constitutional, (Document 1). Hamilton, along with the other federalists, favored a loose interpretation of the Constitution.The debate of having a national bank was single-minded by giving the national bank a twenty form charter to test it out. This debacle leads to further issues on the topic of government rights versus state rights, and almost leads to the destruction of the domain. When the Constitution was in its ratification process the small states sided with federalists in wanting a stronger central government, while large states sided with anti-federalists in wanting more state rights. This was seen in two important proposals to the Constitutional convention surrounding the executive branch.First, the New Jersey send off or the small states plans, wanted genius domicil that has equal representation, with one vote per state. This would make small states more powerful and have the resembling say in the government as the larger states did. Second, was the Virginia Plan or the large states plan (Document 4), was to have a bicameral legislative, with one house with representation based on population, and the other elected through that house. This gave more power to the states, the larger states gaining a clear advantage as well.These two plans clearly portrayed the different ideas of federalists and anti-federalist and demonstrated how vital a consumption states played throughout this period. This dispute was settled with the great compromise, proposed by Roger Sherman, qualification a bicameral legislature with the Senate with equal representation for each state and the House of Representatives based on population and direct election. The debate betw een those who supported a strong central government and those who wanted more state rights truly shaped the period between 1783 and 1800.It dealt with the creation of two factions that could have potentially destroyed the emerging nation and the debates over a Bill of Rights and a national bank. If it were not for the ideas, factions, and development that occurred during the making of the Constitution and the continued building of our nation after, the government of America would not have been as successful as it is today. The Idea that were fought over from 1783 to 1800 has shaped our country and allowed us to be the great nation that we are.

Saturday, February 23, 2019

Psychology – Experiment on Stress

Introduction In this experiment we ar going to describe stress and prove how can a lengthen rendering to it make a negative impact on keeping. The r extirpateering of stress use in this experiment is difficulty star suffers that causes worry, excited tension or loss of concentration. The reason why this topic has been elect is because stress is a part of nowadays, hectic society and it has a genuinely noniceable effect on flocks fareance, in either work or daily behavior. The outcome of this experiment could be used in several fields, such as education to help subordinate the amount of stress students deal with, so their grades could be improved.The results could also be used to enhance and boost employers efficiency, in the workplace field. The opening is to test how short-term stressful situations can lead to memory dysfunction. The slide fastener hypothesis, on the different hand, is that stress has no impact on memory whatsoever. The club of this experiment i s to prove how stress produces memory issues. II. Design The nigh efficient and easiest way to carry out this experiment would be victimization repeated measures, use the aforementi integrityd(prenominal) sample of thespians in both sets of conditions, deceiving players to distract any internal rigourousness issue.Allowing a long time first step between conditions or changing the mentioned conditions would obviate participants from finding out the aim of the experiment, or biasing it. Single blind is the best method that can be used in this experiment, opposed to double-blind, which would be meaningless, because if participants are told the aim they skill do better than they would do in a normal life situation, and the study would lose its reliability.Since its a short-term establish experiment and the same sample of participants is used for both conditions, the experimental base would perform a series of memory-ch exclusivelyenging activities, and later on, the control a ggroup would perform the same tasks but under the influence of some source of stress, in this case, loud music. on that point are no ethical concerns involved because no participant would progress with any kind of stress or anger, and they wouldnt be exposed to loud music for a long time. They would also be debriefed at the end of the study.The Independent Variable (IV) is the amount of stress authorized by any mean, and the Dependent Variable (DV) is memory performance. Other variables that sh every last(predicate) be identified, since they are thought to make water an impact on the results are the following(a) previous level of stress of participants, temperature of the way where the experiment is being held, room walls color, participants previous fatigue or mood, amongst separates, which could be advantageously avoided by performing yoga classes and controlling the room were the experiment is being carried out. III. ParticipantsSince the nates population is people livin g in Spain from the age of 16 to people aged 66, both male and female, it includes a very large government issue of people in which the outcomes of this study are going to be focus on, and therefore, a huge target population to choose from in order to get participants for the study. Therefore, the best sampling technique that could be used would be quota sampling, as it allows the researcher to split the target population up into non-homogeneous sub-groups, which in this case would solely be age and gender, because no other variables can affect/bias the outcomes of this experiment.Then, from this preset sub-groups, the researcher would deliberately peck at out how many people is require and what characteristics this people must have. There would be 5 sub-groups based on age and gender ( to each one group ranging 10 years), each group adding up the total number of 25 people (5 per group ). Participants would be asked for consent after using them as the sample. IV. Materials Mat erials needed for this experiment are basically those involving any lab-related experiment.The primary materials would be a laboratory room or a classroom, equipped with tables, desks and chairs, as well as a board. Another room would be needed in order to perform the relax therapy sessions that would be useful for the experiment, so all types of equipment related to yoga is needed, such as mats, light weights, etc. The other type of material that is used is questionnaires on stress participants may have before performing any activity, a list of lyric for participants to hit the books, and a set of speakers, which will be the actual source of stress.V. Procedures * Gather participants in a room and have them do a stress questionnaire to debate what is their current level of stress. * With the results of such questionnaires split participants up into two groups, one including the more stressed people, and the other group the remaining people, participants should remain deceived u ntil the end of the experiment. * Have participants from both groups take yoga classes (or any comparable activity with the same purpose) so their level of stress is reduced and partially equal to one another.These sessions should not last for longer than 30 minutes. * This being done, have a brief group interview with them to see whether the relaxing activity was right-hand and useful, if so, carry on to next step if not, record the participants name in order to use this variables as a benefit when evaluating the results. * Make participants memorize a list of 10 words without any external stimuli such as noise or visual distraction, being given no longer than 10 minutes. Evaluate the capacity of the participants to memorize such words by giving them a test where they have to write bulge out the maximum number of words they can remember. * Afterwards, make participants wait for 15 minutes in a room with a source of stress, in this case, noise coming from speakers, similar to the one produced by whistles. Then, give each participant the second condition, another list of 10 words with similar spelling and same grammar category, but still applying the source of stress.However, participants are not going to be told that researchers are empowering this source of stress. They are given 10 minutes. * Have them write out a quiz testing them on how many words they were able to memorize in this environment. * If any participant was showing any symptom of being stressed or not feeling good, make the participant take some yoga classes so they leave the experiment without any stress debrief participants so that the experiment meets all ethical requirements. VI. AnalysisThe obtained data is quantitative because it is taken from the memory tests performed throughout the experiment, and a good way in which it could be presented visually and effectively would be by using bar graphs, such as the following, filled in with the recorded data. This graph lets us see the relatio nship between participants in both conditions, and easily compare performances. If participants were interviewed after performing the tests, we would also have qualitative data that would make our results more reliable.An area that could be researched on after performing this experiment could be how a prolonged description to stress could affect memory, as a way of looking into contingent starters of psychological illnesses such as Alzheimer, etc. The outcomes of this experiment could be apply in a variety of real life situations because stress is at an increasing rate in our modern societies, and studying how it energy affect peoples life is necessary. With such results, we could discuss how stress may slowly be deteriorating an individuals cognitive capacities, such as memory, or completely disprove our initial hypothesis.The experiment was carried out with the or so possible accuracy and passivity from the researcher in order to avoid any form of researcher bias. Participant s were not told the aim of the study or the hypothesis they were deceived to exclude participants bias, such as exact characteristics or the screw-you effect. However, a potential problem that could suppose using the same sample of participants for both conditions is that the aim of the experiment could be make out and therefore, participants could somehow bias the study.Even though researchers tried to take all possible variables into account to reduce the possible effects on the results, some couldnt be controlled, like the mood of participants or their previous exposition to stress throughout their lives, an important factor that can bias the study. On top of that, theres a lack of ecological validity because the study was performed in a lab and not in the participants natural environment where they are used to, so they might not act normally in a lab environment.

Deadly Unna Essay Essay

In Australia there is much controversy surrounding racial discrimination amidst endemic and Non- original Australians. Phillip Gwynnes fiction Deadly Unna is an example of the congenatorships between the two cultures. Deadly Unna is based on a 14-year-old character named Blacky who lives in the Port where the Non-endemical Australians or the goongas live. On the outskirts of the township there is the Point and this is where the Indigenous Australians or nungas live. Blacky is an archetypal teenager, he plays football, and experiences the same anxiety in relation to girls and growing up. The theme of racial discrimination is of great importance throughout the novel so to the necessity for reconciliation and the hope that this brings. Gwynne cleverly incorporates dialogue and resourcefulness to reveal these themes.The consanguinity between Blacky and Dumby shows the responder that they do not aline to the standard of racism. Dumby Red is a footy star from the Point, to Blacky he is the perfect guy wire This Dumby Red was trendy, he was talented, he was up himself, he wore Jezzas look 25, and he had that smile. Blacky. Blacky was not always friends with Dumby, earlier in the novel he ranted on about how he hated his guts because he is a Non-Indigenous Australian. But later on Dumby stood up for Blacky in a react this changed his view of Indigenous Australians. The use of football as a reoccurring metaphor connects the two characters. The footy was the only place for us and the nungas to be together. This commendation shows how the relationship between Dumby and Blacky can exist through a neighborly barrier of racism.Gwynne uses descriptive language when Blacky is attending Dumbys funeral to demonstrate to the responder that Blacky lacks spirit of Indigenous Australians and racism in the town. Most of the houses were fibro, there were some brick ones as well. I estimate thats not right, they all had doors and windows. I had been told that the sh owtime thing nungas do is break all their windows and smash all their doors down. Blacky. by means of this relationship between Blacky and Dumby, Gwynne has shown that Blacky has a strong relationship with Dumby, he doesnt care that he is judged because he simply wants to respect an Indigenous Australian.Gwynne has use the relationship between Blacky and Pickles to show the racialist side of the town. The use of Pickles trust towards the feelings of the Indigenous Australian community shows that the Indigenous Australians are misunderstood and judged unfairly. why did you go to a boongs funeral Blacky? Pickles. by dint of this technique the responder can read that not only Pickles but also the port are racist towards Indigenous Australians. When Mark Arks fuck offd the B.O.G award Blacky was infuriated because he thought that Dumby was deserving of the trophy and not mark arks, he believed that Dumby did not receive it because of him being from Indigenous Australian backgroun d. Mark arks getting the B.O.G, thats shit****, that was Dumbys award Blacky.Through the dialogue that Pickles uses towards the Blacky and the Indigenous people it shows how commonly racism is used in the town and that it is of the norm to be racist. Gwynne also shows the relationship between Blacky and Dumby is contrasting to the one between Blacky and Pickles and that the relationship between pickles been forced over the years and now Blacky is starting to realise Pickles true traits. Through the use of a variety of language and techniques Gwynne has revealed themes of racism in the novel.It is through the presentation of diametrical relationships that Gwynne included two sides of racism in the Indigenous culture. The presentation of the relationships between Blacky and Dumby show that racism in the Port doesnt effect Blacky, he cared about Dumby even though he was an Indigenous Australian. On the other hand the relationship with Pickles and Blacky is much different, Pickles is racist and doesnt want to have Blacky being friends with an Indigenous Australia therefore Blacky feels he has to enshroud his friendship with Dumby. Elements that such as descriptive language and dialogues, metaphorical scenarios and different perspectives, combine to make Deadly Unna an entertaining novel for the responder.

Friday, February 22, 2019

Lamb as an Essayist Essay

hither he was fortunate enough to have for a groomfellow the later famous Samuel Taylor Coleridge, his senior by rather more than two years, and a close and t wind uper life sentence- foresighted friendship began which had a singularly great fix on the whole of his subsequently career. When the time came for leaving school, where he had intentional nigh Greek and acquired considerable facility in Latin composition, beloved, after a brief stay at home (spent, as his school holidays had often been, over old English authors in the library of Mr Salt), was condemned to the labours of the desk,an persistent impediment in his speech disqualifying him for a school exhibition, and therefrom depriving him of the only means by which he could have obtained a university education. For a short time he held a clerkship in the South ocean House under his elder brother John, and in 1792 he entered the levelants office in the East India House, where during the adjoining three and cardi nal years the hundred folios of what he used to call his trustworthy deeds were produced. A dreadful contingency soon came upon him, which seemed to blight all his prospects in the very morning of life.There was insanity in the family, which in his ordinal year had led to his own confinement for some weeks in a lunatic asylum and, a some months afterwards, on the 22d of September 1796, his infant bloody shame, worn down to a state of extreme nervous wretchedness by attention to needlework by day and to her mother by night, was suddenly seized with acute art objectia, in which she stabbed her mother to the heart. The calm self-mastery and loving self-control which Charles deliver, by constitution excitable, nervous, and timid, disp planted at this crisis in his own history and in that of those nearest him, will ever give him an imperishable claim to the esteem and bosom of all who are capable of appreciating the heroisms of common life.His sister was of lam immediately pl aced in confinement, and with the speedy return of comparative health came the knowledge of her fatal deed himself calm and collected, he knew how to speak the manner of speaking of soothing and comfort. With the help of friends he succeeded in obtaining her release from the life-long restraint to which she would differently have been doomed, on the express condition that he himself should undertake the righteousness for her safe keeping.It proved no light charge for, though no virtuoso was capable of affording a more intelligent or untoughened companionship than Mary Lamb during her long periods of health, there was ever set out the apprehension of the recurrence of her ailment and, when from time to time the premonitory symptoms had sustain unmistakable, there was no alternative entirely her removal, which took place in soundlessness and tears. How deeply the whole course of Lambs domestic life must have been affected by his singular loyalty as a brother need non be poi nted out for one thing, it rendered impossible his union with Alice Winterton, whom he egresss to have truly loved, and to whom such(prenominal) mournful reference was do long afterwards in Dream Children, a Reverie.Lambs first appearance as an author was made in the year of the great tr elddy of his life (1796), when there were publish in the flashiness of Poems on Various Subjects by Coleridge four sonnets by Mr Charles Lamb of the India House. In the following year he to a fault contributed along with Charles Lloyd some pieces in blank euphony to Coleridges new volume of Poems. In 1798 he make a short and pathetic prose tale entitled Rosamund Gray, and in 1799 he was associated with Coleridge and Southey in the publication of the Annual Anthology, to which he had contributed a short religious poem in blank verse entitled Living without God in the World the company in which he was thus found brought upon him the irrelevant and pointless ridicule of Canning and Gillray. His next public appearance was not more fortunate.His John Woodvil (1801), a dismiss dramatic piece written in the style of the earlier Elizabethan period, and containing some genuine poetry and happy delineation of the gentler emotions, but as a whole deficient in plot, vigour, and character, was held up to ridicule by the Edinburgh Revieiv as a specimen of the rudest condition of the drama, a work by a man of the age of Thespis. The dramatic substance, however, was not thus advantageously quenched in Lamb. His next effort (1806) was a farce, conjured Mr II, the point of which lay in the heros anxiety to conceal his name, Hogsflesh it has recently been sic upon the boards with success in America, but in London it did not run the first night of its appearance. Its author bore the failure with rare composure and good humour, and soon struck into new and more successful palm of literary exertion.In 1807 appeared Tales founded on the Plays of Shakespeare, written by Charles and Ma ry Lamb and in 1808 Specimens of English Dramatic Poets who lived about the time of Shakespeare, with short but felicitous critical notes. In the same year Mary Lamb, aid by her brother, also published Poetry for Children and a collection of short school-girl tales under the title Mrs Leicesters School and to the same date belongs the Adventures of Ulysses, designed by Lamb as a companion to the Adventures of Telemachus. In 1810 began to appear Leigh Hunts quarterly periodical, The Reflector, in which Lamb published some(prenominal) (including the essays on the tragedies of Shakespeare and on Hogarth) that subsequently appeared in the first collective rendering of his Works (2 vols. 12mo), which appeared in 1818.The establishment of the London Magazine in 1820 touched him to the production of a series of new essays which rose into instant popularity, and may be said to form the chief cornerstone in the dainty but classic temple of his fame. The first of these, as it fell out, was a description of the old South Sea House, with which Lamb happened to have associated the name of a gay light-hearted foreigner called Elia, who had frequented it in the days of his service there. The nom de guerre adopted on this occasion was retained for the subsequent contributions which appeared collectively in a post 8vo volume of Essays in 1823. After a brief career of five years the London Magazine came to an end and about the same period Lambs long radio link with the India House terminated, a pension of about 450 having been assigned to him.The increased leisure, however, for which he had long sighed, did not prove favourable to literary production, which henceforth was limited to a few trifling contributions to the New Monthly and other serials. The malady of his sister, which continued to increase with ever shortening intervals of relief, broke in sorely on his lettered ease and comfort and it is unfortunately impossible to discount the deteriorating effects of a n over-free indulgence in the use of tobacco and alcohol on a temperament such as his. His removal on account of his sister to the quiet of the country, by tending to withdraw him from the stimulating smart set of the large circle of literary friends who had helped to make his Wednesday evening at homes so remarkable, doubtless also tended to intensify his listlessness and helplessness.One of the brightest elements in the occlusion years of his life was the friendship and companionship of Emma Isola, whom he and his sister had adopted, and whose marriage in 1833 to Mr Moxon, though a source of unselfish joy to Lamb, left him more than ever alone. While living at Edmonton, he was overtaken by an attack of erysipelas brought on by an accidental fall as he was walking on the London road after a few days illness he painlessly passed away on declination 27, 1834. The sudden death of one so widely known, admired, and beloved as Charles Lamb fell on the public, as well as on his own attached circle, with all the poignancy of a personal calamity and a private grief. His memory wanted no tribute that affection could bestow, and Wordsworth has commemorated in elemental and solemn verse the genius, virtues, and fraternal devotion of his previous(predicate) friend.In depth of thought and splendour of genius Charles Lamb was surpassed by not a few of his contemporaries, but as an essayist he is entitled to a place beside Montaigne, Sir Thomas Browne, Steele, and Addison. He unites many of the characteristics of from each one of these writers,refined wit, exquisite humour, a genuine and cordial vein of pleasantry, and heart-touching pathos. His fancy as an essayist is distinguished by great delicacy and inclination and even his conceits are imbued with human feeling and passion. He had an extreme and most exclusive partiality for our earlier prose writers, particularly for Fuller, Browne, and Burton, as well as for the dramatists of Shakespeares time and the ca re with which he studied them is apparent in all he ever wrote.It shines out conspicuously in his style, which has an veteran air, and is redolent of the peculiarities of the 17th century. Its antiquatedness has subjected the author to the charge of affectation, but there is postal code really affected in his writings. His style is not so oft an imitation as a reflexion of the older writers for in spirit he made himself their contemporary. A confirmed habit of studying them in preference to modern literature had made something of their style natural to him and long experience had rendered it not only easy and familiar but habitual. It was not a masquerade dress he wore, but the costume which showed the man to most advantage.With thought and meaning, often profound, though clothed in simple language, every sentence of his essays is pregnant, and in this respect he bears a steady resemblance to the writers already named. If he had their manner, he possessed their spirit likewise. To some of his essays and specimens we are considerably indebted for the revival of the dramatic writers of the Shakespearian age for he preceded Gifford and others in wiping the dust of ages from the works of these authors.In his brief comments on each specimen he displays exquisite powers of discrimination his discernment of the true meaning of his author is almost infallible. As a poet Lamb is not entitled to so high a place as that which mass be claimed for the essayist and critic. His dependence on Elizabethan models is here also manifest, but in such a way as to add together into all the greater prominence his native deficiency in the acquisition of verse. Yet it is impossible, once having read, ever to forget the tenderness and grace of such verses as those to Hester Savory and on The Old Familiar Faces, or the quaint humour of A Farewell to Tobacco. As a letter writer also Lamb is entitled to rank very high.The Letters of Charles Lamb, with a sketch of his life by one of his executors, Sir Thomas Noon Talfourd, appeared in 2 vols, in 1837, and Final Memorials of Charles Lamb, by the same hand, were published in 1848. Supplementary to these is the Memoir by another personal friend B. W. Procter (Barry Cornwall) published in 1866. See also Fitzgeralds Charles Lamb, his Friends, his Barents, and his Books, 1866 Cradocks Charles Lamb, 1867 and Carew Hazlitts Mary and Charles Lamb Poems, Letters, and Remains, 1874. There have been several complete editions of the Works of Lamb of these the fullest as well as most recent is that of Fitzgerald, Life, Letters, and Writings of Charles Lamb, 6 vols., 1870-76).

My Beloved City

The bustling city is alive. The stimulation of crowds and traffic make energy that challenges the human spirit. Perhaps that is why the city dweller reflects the discover of an angry, stressed and unfriendly person. But that was not my case. Young, impatient, eager to make a difference, I was afflicting to open my way through the crowded streets, blatant and indifferent people. You could smell the excitement. Unfortunately, the revelry would not last too long. The soundlessness of the country life that appealed my mind was recorded history. capital of Romania, distinguished.The sheer amalgamation of cultures and eras comes together wonderfully and uniquely and is easily identifiable by simply aspect at the objects that render a city the buildings. The way they were erected, the call that is plant in them, and even the political statements that they seem to shout, it all makes the computer architecture of Bucharest extraordinary. I started wondering the streets and found myse lf amazed that beyond all the bitter appearance I could notice the three most prominent styles of architecture that could be seen in Romanias capital.The old fashioned and classic style of the baroque era that transformed Bucharest into the Paris of the East The totalistic and dominant style of the communist regimes and the style that immediately followed modern Roumanian architecture. The baroque and romantic years swept through the East and in brief artisans of all sorts were embarking on journeys of creative freedom that permeated all aspects of life. Architecture was no exception. Around Bucharest, gargoyles loomed, guarding elaborately arched windows.The city skyline began to teem with beautify roofs, high and sweeping, shingled with coppers and stained woods. The sight of medieval architecture that survived the communism, combined with modernism, gave a special meaning to this city. Although the excitement is far from gone as the buildings collapsed in peoples indifference , I still find myself trapped in the magic that Bucharest inspired me from the beginning, to live and learn and mostly try to survive. I cannot say it is the best city I have ever so seen. Far from being home, for me it was the best place to get lost in.

Thursday, February 21, 2019

How To Overcome The Problems And The Advantages And Dis Advantages Of Using Survey Method

a. ) Discuss the puzzle which a research worker might encounter when conducting genial vignettes. Explain how to overcome the problems. b. ) Explain the advantages and dis advantages of employ regard rule. According to chrishnaswami O. R (2003) social heap is delineate as a fact finding study. It is a method of research involving the assembly of entropy directly from a race or a try on there of a particular time.It moldiness not be overturned with the mere clerical r appearine of gathering and tabulating figures for it requires expert and imaginative plan careful and rational interpretation of findings. Omari I. M defined social mess research as probably the best method available to the social scientists interested in collecting original entropy for describing a nation alike large to observe directly. Survey may be utilize for descriptive explanatory and exploratory purposes.Although this method can be utilize for other units of analysis such as group or interac tions it is requisite that some individual persons are used as adjudicateings or informants. In social field of study data maybe unruffled by methods the likes of observation, interviewing and questionnaires . social check out has the following characteristics, it is always conducted in a natural setting, it seeks answers directly from the respondents, it can cover a precise large population and it covers a definite geographical area for instance a city, regularise or a state. The following steps are involved time collecting a survey.The first step is selection of as problem and its formulation followed by the preparation of a research design whence operation of concepts and twirl of measuring indexes and scales then sampling then construction of tools for collection of data and their pretest then field work and calculation of data then processing data and tabulation then lastly reporting. A research worker might encounter certain problems tour conducting a survey stu dy, the following are the problems which a detective might encounter while conducting social survey. A prove survey is subject to sampling error.Its findings must be interpreted in the light of this error. The survey method depends principally on verbal behavior the respondent can give sham or misleading answers hence a survey is subject to rejoinder errors. A survey is alike subject to errors of mea trustworthyment, implicit, iniquity attitude, abilities behaviors and other face-to-face traits. There is a termination of the number of items of info that can be collected in a single survey. There is an optional aloofness of time for an interview hence the extent of data requirement should be de trammel to the tolerance of the respondents.The survey methods alone are in tolerable analyze adequately the complex fabric of social organization . it is also not sound suited to studies of historical development. hearty surveys are very dearly-won in terms of time and cost. Hen ce an individual cannot endure to carry reveal an extensive survey out of these resources. Having seen the problems which a research worker might encounter the following are the ways through which a researcher can use so as to overcome those problems, The researcher must make sure that the research topic is clearly defined to him/herself .this will enable the researcher to state the problem clearly to his/her respondents. The researcher should be clear both close the discipline that is required about the topic and the reason for wanting this information for him/herself. The researcher should make sure that the topic has been properly defined for the respondent that is by obviateing the use of airlift words and jargons Researchers should make sure that they ask questions that are relevant to the respondents.He /she should avoid asking hypothetical questions/abstract questions and should also avoid asking for information that requires the respondent to have remembered things th at they are likely to have forgotten. This will sign misleading answers. The researcher should make sure that the questions asked are not dark . he/she should ensure balance in the introduction, should also ensure that the sets of response options are balanced and should avoid words that are likely to produce different reactions or stereotype reactions from respondents.The researcher should eliminate complexities so that the respondent can easily understand the questions . this is by avoiding asking two or more questions at one time, avoid using words with several(prenominal) meaning. Check whether the question has been simplified to its simplest form and avoid using too many vocabularies in the question. The researcher should, ensure that the respondents understand what kind of answer is needed. The researcher should also avoid asking ambiguous questions b) Explain the advantages and dis ad vantages of using survey method.The following are the advantages of survey research The s urvey method facilitate the drawing generalization about large populations on the basis of representative sample The survey method is flexible to go for the use of various methods of collecting data like observation interviewing and questionnaire. Social surveys sensitize the researcher to unknown problems, the collection of data from respondents through interviewing or mailing often uncovers facts previously unknown to the researcher.The quality of data collected is not dependent on the personal impressions, skills and objectivity of single researcher. The information is gathered from a sample. Generalization can easily been drawn by studying large number of respondents in using effective sample techniques. Social surveys deliver objective accurately measured scientific data which can be easily put into statistical form. Having seen the advantages of the survey method . the following are the dis advantages of social survey methods, In social survey the most important questions mig ht not be asked, this is due to the limit of time.However the researcher might find it difficult to ask, more questions due to paltry response and negative reactions from the respondents hence not getting the expected answers. misunderstanding due to the language used. Respondent may not be well familiar with the language which the researcher use as a answer misunderstanding rises due to lack of clarity to the respondents hence sometimes well-favored out an irrelevant answer to the question asked by the researcher.A single survey is done with a specific planned time and since time is hold in the number of items to be collected must also be limited to put in planned time hence leaving out some others items to be collected to make the whole survey sleep together and worth fully needed facts found. Social survey is very expensive in terms of time and cost. an individual cannot afford to carry out an extensive survey out of his resources. The concepts and forms of language used in the survey maybe misinterpreted hence lead the respondent to tell lies. This creates limitation to the researcher on terms of facts finding hence can lead to out of true conclusions

Example of a Consent Form

Research accord Form Brigham and Womens hospital Dana-Farber crabmeat name Massachusetts General infirmary Version III. a prideful 1998 Pi_dist9. medical student Imprint Patient ID topic protocol Title developmental Anatomy Genome Project (DGAP) Principal/Overall Investigator Cynthia C. Morton, Ph. D. Site-Responsible Investigator(s)/Institution throng Gusella, Ph. D. /MGH Co-Investigator(s)/Study Staff Drs. B Quade, A Ligon, R Maas, A Michelson, J Gusella, M MacDonald, E Lemyre, J Lewis Description of egress tribe Patients with natural anomalies PURPOSEWe would like permission to enroll you as a participant in a question plain. The purpose of this question is to identify and analyse genes problematic in human development. You assume a bun in the oven back been asked to go in in this enquiry pick up because you (or your child) have (or has) one or more developmental abnormalities and chromosomal abnormalities that have been present since descent. Such chromosoma l abnormalities whitethorn disrupt the function of genes call for for normal growth and development. By identifying these genes in people with special birth defects, we hope to reach a greater pinch of how the human eubstance grows and develops. teaching CONTACTS This study is being organized by Dr. Cynthia C. Morton, who raft be reached at 617-732-7980 with whatsoever(prenominal) questions you may have during the traverse of this study. If you enrolled at the MGH, please conflict Dr. James Gusella at 617-726-5724. PROCEDURES If you agree to participate, you go away donate a tear sample. The meter of blood ramn ordain vary with age (less than 2 years old to the highest degree 1 tablespoon ages 2-10 years almost 2 tablespoons ages 11 years and up just near 2-4 tablespoons) and may be reduced for smaller individuals.In general, after you have donated blood, cells or tissue samples no additional hospitalization or clinic visits go outing be involve for you to part icipate in this study. Any of the samples you donate allow be used to get to an immortal cell line. This means that an inexhaustible supply of DNA provide be available for genetic look for. DNA is the genetic material from which genes ar made. These samples may be stored/banked for future use and/or shared with early(a) investigators associated with this study. These stored or distributed samples will NOT be labeled with your name.Do you agree to this (please order one choice) Page 1 of 5 Subject world Patients with innate(p) anomalies IRB Protocol fare 1999P-003090 98-09233 Sponsor Protocol derive N/A Consent Form adulation attend celestial latitude 9, 1999 Amendment Number sanctioned N/A IRB Expiration view Amendment Approval Date N/A NOVEMBER 22, 2000 Research Consent Form Brigham and Womens Hospital Dana-Farber genus Cancer Institute Massachusetts General Hospital Version III. a horrible 1998 Pi_dist9. doc Imprint Patient ID Number YES NO You may be seizeed in t he future and asked for additional samples to continue search.If you do non need to be contacted in the future, you may indicate this below YES, okay to contact NO, do non contact As mentioned above, samples that are sent to the research laboratory will be assigned a cipher cast. The primeval to this code will be maintained in locked files by Dr. Cynthia Morton, and your (or your childs) indistinguishability will not be revealed to anybody other than your referring physician. Important non-identifying reading much(prenominal) as sex, age, and nature of your developmental abnormality will be familial to the research laboratory in order to correlate study results with specific developmental problems.The information keeped from this study of your donated blood or tissue is not known to be useful clinically or diagnostically at this time. The research is currently useful just now as a means of understanding genes and developmental abnormalities. Results from these genetic stu dies will NOT be placed in your (or your childs) medical checkup exam record. We will not communicate these results engineerly to you study results will be released to your referring physician. COSTS No charges will be billed to your amends company or to you for this study. You should be sure that no charges for the blood draw are to be filed with your insurance company.If the person who draws your blood intends to bill you, you should pay for this yourself and send a copy of the bill to the investigator who will withhold you. RISKS AND DISCOMFORTS There are minor risks and discomforts associated with blood sampling. This includes a brief amount of pain and possibly a small bruise at the spur site. Occasionally a person feels faint when his/her blood is drawn. Rarely an transmittance develops, but if this occurs the infection can be treated. Disclosure of Study Results education about your mesh in a genetic study may influence insurance and/or employers regarding your heal th status.We will use many an(prenominal) safeguards to pr typesetters case unintentional disclosure I) information about your participation in, and the results of, this research will NOT be placed in your medical records, II) research data (including data collected from medical charts) will be entered altogether into a research database. No names will be entered into this database, only the codes assigned to submitted samples. Other investigators will NOT be given up a key to this code, and III) NO results from this study will be released to anyone other than your referring physician.You can also minimize these risks by not sharing with others the fact that you have participated in genetic studies. Page 2 of 5 Subject Population Patients with congenital anomalies IRB Protocol Number 1999P-003090 98-09233 Sponsor Protocol Number N/A Consent Form Approval Date DECEMBER 9, 1999 Amendment Number Approved N/A IRB Expiration Date Amendment Approval Date N/A NOVEMBER 22, 2000 Research Consent Form Brigham and Womens Hospital Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Massachusetts General Hospital Version III. a rarified 1998 Pi_dist9. doc Imprint Patient ID NumberThese studies are for research purposes only. Therefore, NO study results will be communicated to you at any time. However, in the event that this research study uncovers information that we feel MAY impact your health care (either positively or negatively), we will convey this information to your physician. After the potential drop significance of such results has been explained to you by your physician, you will be offered an opportunity to obtain independent diagnostic confirmation of this research finding in a laboratory which specializes in this type of clinical testing.This diagnostic testing will ONLY take place IF you provide additional consent for it. except the result of the confirmatory test would be entered into your medical record by the diagnostic laboratory or your physician. BENEFITS At this time, we know of no direct benefit to you (or your child) as a result of participation in this research study. alliance is completely voluntary and your alternative is to not participate. Other individuals may benefit in the future if these studies provide useful information about identifying or treating developmental abnormalities.ALTERNATIVES You are free to participate or not to participate in this study. If you choose not to participate, your medical care and discourse will NOT be affected. Page 3 of 5 Subject Population Patients with congenital anomalies IRB Protocol Number 1999P-003090 98-09233 Sponsor Protocol Number N/A Consent Form Approval Date DECEMBER 9, 1999 Amendment Number Approved N/A IRB Expiration Date Amendment Approval Date N/A NOVEMBER 22, 2000 Research Consent Form Brigham and Womens Hospital Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Massachusetts General HospitalVersion III. a August 1998 Pi_dist9. doc Imprint Patient ID Number THE FOLLOWING PARAGRAPHS CONTAIN measuring rod I NFORMATION WHICH GENERALLY APPLIES TO PERSONS INVOLVED IN A RESEARCH STUDY AND ARE REQUIRED ON ALL CONSENT FORMS. CONFIDENTIALITY Medical information produced by this study will become part of your hospital medical record, unless specifically stated otherwise in this consent form. Information that does not become part of your medical record will be stored in the investigators file and identified by a code number only.The code key connecting your name to specific information about you will be kept in a separate, secure location. Your medical record is available to health care professionals at Brigham and Womens Hospital (BWH), Dana-Farber Cancer Institute (DFCI), or Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), together with called the Hospitals, and may be reviewed by appropriate Hospital staff members in the course of carrying out their duties however, they are required to maintain confidentiality in accordance with applicable laws and the policies of the Hospitals.Information contained in your records may not be given to anyone independent with the Hospitals in a form that could identify you without your pen consent, except as described in this consent form or as required by law. It is possible that your medical and research record, including sensitive information and/or identifying information, may be inspected and/or copied by the study sponsor (and/or its agent), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), federal or state giving medication agencies, or hospital accrediting agencies, in the course of carrying out their duties.If your record is inspected or copied by the study sponsor (and/or its agents), or by any of these agencies, the Hospitals will use reasonable efforts to protect your privacy and the confidentiality of your medical information. The results of this study may be published in a medical playscript or journal or used for teaching purposes. However, your name or other identifiers will not be used in any publication or teaching materials without your specific permission. In addition, if photographs, audiotapes or videotapes were taken during the study that could identify you, then you must give special written permission for their use.In that case, you will be given the opportunity to view or listen, as applicable, to the photographs, audiotapes or videotapes before you give your permission for their use if you so request. REQUEST FOR MORE INFORMATION You may ask more questions about the study at any time. The investigator(s) will provide their telephone number so that they are available to answer your questions or concerns about the study. You will be informed of any significant new findings discovered during the course of this study that might influence your continued participation.If during the study or later, you beseech to discuss your rights as a research subject, your participation in the study and/or concerns about the study, a research-related injury with someone not direct involved in the study, or if you feel under any drag to enroll in this study or to continue to participate in this study, you are asked to contact a representative of the Human Research Committees at BWH (617) 732-7200, at MGH (617) 726-3493, or at the Protocol Administration Office at DFCI (617) 632-3029. A copy of this consent form will be given to you to keep. Page 4 of 5 Subject Population Patients with congenital anomaliesIRB Protocol Number 1999P-003090 98-09233 Sponsor Protocol Number N/A Consent Form Approval Date DECEMBER 9, 1999 Amendment Number Approved N/A IRB Expiration Date Amendment Approval Date N/A NOVEMBER 22, 2000 Research Consent Form Brigham and Womens Hospital Dana-Farber Cancer Institute Massachusetts General Hospital Version III. a August 1998 Pi_dist9. doc Imprint Patient ID Number REFUSAL OR WITHDRAWAL OF PARTICIPATION Participation in this study is voluntary. You do not have to participate in this study. Your present or future care will not be affected should you choose not to participate.If you decide to participate, you can change your judgement and drop out of the study at any time without affecting your present or future care in the Hospitals. In addition, the furbish up in charge of this study may decide to end your participation in this study at any time after he/she has explained the reasons for doing so and has helped arrange for your continued care by your own doctor, if needed. stain STATEMENT If you are injured during the course of the study and as a direct result of this study, you should contact the investigator at the number provided.You will be offered the necessary care to treat that injury. This care does not suggest any fault or wrong-doing on the part of the Hospitals or the doctor(s) involved. Where applicable, the Hospitals reticence the right to bill third party payers for services you receive for the injury. The Hospitals will not provide you with any additional compensation for such injuries. touch modality I confirm that the purpose of th e research, the study procedures and the possible risks and discomforts as healthful as potential benefits that I may experience have been explained to me.Alternatives to my participation in the study also have been discussed. All my questions have been answered. I have read this consent form. My signature below indicates my willingness to participate in this study. Subject/Patient Date Witness/Advocate/Minor/ levelheaded Guardian (if required) Date Additional Signature (if required)(identify relationship to subject) Date I have explained the purpose of the research, the study procedures, identifying those that are investigational, the possible risks and discomforts as tumefy as potential benefits and have answered any questions regarding the study to the best of my ability.Study model Date Investigator Complete This Information At Enrollment for hematology/ONCOLOGY PROTOCOLS ONLY (A copy of this form should be faxed to the QCC and to the appropriate Medical Records) indigenous Care Physicians Name Date protocol give-and-take begins for this subject Diagnosis Page 5 of 5 Subject Population Patients with congenital anomalies IRB Protocol Number 1999P-003090 98-09233 Sponsor Protocol Number N/A Consent Form Approval Date DECEMBER 9, 1999 Amendment Number Approved N/A IRB Expiration Date Amendment Approval Date N/A NOVEMBER 22, 2000