Wednesday, March 13, 2019
Oil Refinery and Norwegian Petroleum Directorate
Chartek 59, marketed the worlds first intumescent epoxy corporeal, is a production from the Apollo Program conducted by NASA, in which spacecraft was tested in every aspect to ensure that the astronauts and the spacecraft themselves can withstand the acetous condition of space and the extremely high temperatures of re-entry into the Earths atmosphere. The corporeal is apply in the awaken shield of the Apollo.When re-entering, the shield will arouse because of the high temperature due to friction. However, Chartek chars, dissipates heat through burn-off and creates a protective covering which prevents the heat from penetrating anywhere further than the outer surface of the spacecraft, tutelage the inside cabin at a comfortable temperature of 21oC. When exposing to high temperature heat or flame, Chartek expands in volume, acting as an insulating barriers.Although there is not moreover any serious fire accident reflecting its quality, Chartek is considered an effective material apply in modern fireproofing systems, based on the results of tests on stability, integrity and withdrawal conducted by the Underwritten Laboratories (UL) and Norse Petroleum Directorate (NPD). The following table shows some comparison fire endurance clips for various composite panels. The down in the mouth bar shows 60 minutes for the time endurance of a Chartek-coated panel, which is comparatively long.It is constantly improved and recently has been marketed out in form of intumescent paints and foams its innovations ar critical fire-proofing materials in such industrial facilities as oil refineries, petrochemical plants, as well as in commercial infrastructures and such prevalent buildings as schools, hospitals, airports and shopping malls. Chartek and one of its innovations, Interchar, contribute largely to the development of safer body of work and public buildings.In normal condition, Chartek coating provides a resilient and smooth immerse to the exposed steel struct ure. In emergency fire events, the materials offer lengthy time of fire protection, slowing down the process of collapsing and providing more time for the building occupants to evacuate safely. The use of Chartek in fireproofing systems significantly benefits the economy. The infrastructures are so effectively protected in fire events that the cost of repairing the buildings is greatly reduced.The material also acts as a corrosion protection layer, increasing the forte of the inner material, which can save a great deal of bullion on maintaining the buildings in good condition. In addition, human damage and defect payment can be considerably cut down since the workplace is much safer. Some of Chartek innovations, such as Chartek 3, Chartek 7 and Chartek 1709, are used in the fire-proofing systems of offshore structures as in the oil refinery platform of Norwegian Petroleum Directorate and Caltex Lytton refinery in Brisbane, Australia.