Thursday, April 11, 2019
Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill Essay Example for Free
Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill undertakeDeinstitutionalization refers to releasing a kindly or physically handicapped person from an institution whose main role was to provide sermon into a residential area with the intent of providing services through the community under the charge of health-care professionals. There have been some positive outcomes from deinstitutionalization for both the patients and society but there have also been many drawbacks of deinstitutionalization.Deinstitutionalization is a care for which affects the community as a whole and there are many procedures that must be followed in prepare to see this process follow through successfully (Watnik, 2001). The deinstitutionalization process began in the late 1950s, early 1960s. Facilities were financially liable for patients while they were committed, but were able to modify the meat to the federal government by discharging them.A lot of our society believes that the deinstitutionalizat ion process was simply created because of the facilities inadequacy of treatment to their patients. Motivated by a concern for the civilian rights of patients, deinstitutionalization focused on more rigorous standards for civil commitment and created practical safeguard processes, such as the right to treatment in the least contraceptive atmosphere (Watnik, 2001). New York dealt with deinstitutionalization in the wrong ways from the beginning.For instance, New York was the only verbalize prior to 1994 that had limitations specifically prohibiting outpatient commitment. In 1994, the legislation passed the Bellevue Pilot Program which was established to helping the deinstitutionalization process. In 1999, New York Governor George Pataki, created Kendras natural law which was a law that was influenced by the increase rise of mentally unstable individuals hurting and cleanup other people randomly.Kendras Law allows particular individuals (such as family members) to petition the cour t to obtain an order for a mentally ill person to receive outpatient treatment if that person meets detailed and definite criteria (Watnik, 2001). Kendras Law helps sustainment track of mentally ill people when they are discharged from any mental or correction facility so that these individuals can better be assisted in locating an outpatient class that suits their needs.In order for New York to combat the ongoing social issues such as homelessness, crime and the airing of communicable diseases, the state has established disbursement prospectuses that include programs and activities provided in community settings. Some of these programs include mental health centers, outpatient clinics, partial care organizations, self-assured community treatment and support programs, consumer-run programs and services provided by state hospitals off hospital grounds. Total community expenses and accomplishments are evaluated by observing residential and nonresidential services.Kendras law in add ition to the community programs, also helps reach out to the mentally ill community by giving them ongoing support and assistance to helping control their illnesses and keep out of smother (Watnik, 2001). After reading this article, I found that New York is missing a lot of key headland in establishing a deinstitutionalization process. For starters, I believe that there should be stricter laws and regulations directed to mentally unstable individuals that are aimed at encouraging them to remain in outpatient treatment, even if they believe they do not need it.I also think that our society needs to establish more programs aimed at helping these individuals get on their feet financially, emotionally, and physically. Too many people think that they are cured and wind up hurting or killing innocent by passers and this would just be a safe precaution to helping keep our communities safe.